Sat, 02 Feb
"In the gun game, we R the most hunted. Where is the raised voice of black America? Why R we mute?"#HarryBelafonte #GunControlHitsBlkAmerica
Negotiating the "In-Between": Liminality and the Construction of Racial Identity among African American Male College Students
Fred A. Bonner, II EdD
  In The Ritual Process, Turner (1969) engages the reader in a discussion of rites of passage (rites de passage) (Van Gennep, 1909). Significant to the discussion is the explanation offered by Turner of the three phases or ―transitions‖ that Van Gennep described. Accordingly, these phases include separation, margin (limen), and aggregation. Said differently, transition in rites of passage processes involve "pulling away" from the known (e.g. family, friends, and community); searching for self in a sea of choice and confusion; and ultimately establishing connections with a new community—congruous with the individual's newfound identity. It is the second transition that I specifically highlight in this prefatory as it relates to the college-going process for African American males.

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Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) Recommendations
  Across our nation's urban centers and in many rural areas, there is hard evidence that we are failing far too many of our nation's youth. More than one million young people drop out of high school every year.

But we should not simply view these youth as statistics. They are lost potential and lost human capital, which doesn't bode well for the communities in which they live or for the economic future of our nation. We simply must do better.

Policymakers should use ESEA reauthorization as an opportunity to retool the law and to put in place measures to ensure that more of our nation's young people earn a high school diploma. ESEA has made significant progress by revealing the magnitude of the dropout crisis. But what the law hasn't done is provide sound solutions for re-engaging youth who have already dropped out. We not only need measures that help prevent young people from dropping out in the first place, we also need aggressive policies that focus on how to connect with youth who aren't engaged in school or work.

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Institute for Higher Education Policy
  Today African-Americans students are still challenged by the historical vestiges of discrimination as well as the barriers associated with financial and other factors. The nearly 40 million African Americans residing in the United States—representing approximately 13 percent of the total population—are three times more likely (24 percent) to live in poverty than Whites (8 percent). Further, opportunity gaps related to college enrollment and completion persist for African-American students with only 11 percent being enrolled in postsecondary education.

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The Consequences of Dropping Out of High School
Sum, Khatidawa, McLaughlin
  The economic, social, and moral case for addressing the nation's existing high school dropout problems was made in a report titled Left Behind in America: The Nation's Dropout Crisis. This report called upon the U.S. Congress and the Obama Administration to enact legislation to support programs at the local and state level to re-enroll existing high school dropouts to enable them to improve their academic achievement skills, obtain their high school diplomas or their equivalents, and bolster their employability through work experience and training. The nation's young dropouts experience a wide array of labor market, earnings, social and income problems that exacerbate their ability to transition to careers and stable marriages from their mid-20s onward. This new research paper was prepared to outline the employment, earnings, incarceration, teen and young adult parenting experiences and family incomes of the nation's young adult high school dropouts and their better educated peers in 2006 to 2008.

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Breaking Barriers — Plotting the Path to Academic Success
Ivory A. Toldson, Ph.D.
  The present study explored factors that statistically improve educational outcomes for African-American males by analyzing academic success indicators from four national surveys. The domain areas explored included personal and emotional factors, family factors, social and environmental factors and school factors. Linear relationships between academic achievement and external factors are the cornerstone of the findings. A linear relationship emerges when academic achievement improved, as the level of a characteristic or asset (e.g., participation in sports or praise from teachers) increased or decreased.

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ARRA Youth Mentoring
US Department of Justice
  The U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention is pleased to announce that it is seeking applications for funding under the OJJDP FY 09 Recovery Act Local Youth Mentoring Initiative. Specifically, under this solicitation, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention will make awards to support local organizations that develop, implement, or expand local mentoring programs leading to measurable, positive outcomes for at-risk youth.

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Momentum Report
Micah Gilmer, Marcus Littles and Ryan Bowers
  The following pages will survey the landscape of efforts under way in philanthropy and civil society and outline a concrete plan of action for multiple parties committed to tackling the issues facing black males.

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A Collective Responsibility: A Collective Work
Rhonda Tsoi-A-Fatt
  Young people in poor communities are living in a state of distress. To bring focus to this deleterious situation, data from 10 communities across the country will be used to highlight the magnitude of the challenges faced by youth growing up in these cities. Cities were selected based upon their graduation rates (less than 60 percent) and their rates of child poverty (greater than 30 percent). The 10 cities highlighted in this paper are: Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Cleveland, Houston, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Oakland, and Philadelphia.

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Given Half a Chance: The Schott 50 State Report on Public Education and Black Males
Schott Foundation
  In 2003, The Schott Foundation for Public Education, under the leadership of my predecessor, Dr. Rosa Smith, and researcher Michael Holzman, began an intense investigation into the educational performance of Black males across the
nation. The results were alarming and served to alert the advocacy, research, and philanthropic communities of an American crisis.

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Coming Out from Under the Ethnographic Interview
Alford A. Young, Jr.
  In the most simple terms, I interview people about their life experiences, their visions of self, and their visions of particular features of the social world in order to gain some purchase on their "common-sense" understandings about these matters.

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Breaking Barriers - Plotting the Path to Academic Success
Congressional Black Caucus Fund
  A summary of the soon-to-be-released report from the Congressional Black Caucus Fund titled, "Breaking Barriers - Plotting the Path to Academic Success for School-Age African-American Males." The full report will be released in mid-July, and can be found at

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A Positive Future for Black Boys: Building the Movement
Schott Foundation
  The situation of Black boys sets the floor in public education and indicates the quality of education available to all other groups of students as well. The Foundation operates on the theory that improving educational outcomes for Black boys will also lead to improvements for other groups, which is what Schott found in their search for high schools with exemplary four year graduation rates for African American male students.

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Good News! Black College Graduates Continue
The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education
  Good news! Black college graduates continue to close the racial unemployment gap.

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Employment and Wealth
Wealth Gaps Rise to Record Highs Between Whites, Blacks and Hispanics
By Rakesh Kochhar, Richard Fry and Paul Taylor 14832 2011-10-25 19:52:26
  The median wealth of white households is 20 times that of black households and 18 times that of Hispanic households, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of newly available government data from 2009.
These lopsided wealth ratios are the largest since the government began publishing such data a quarter century ago and roughly twice the size of the ratios that had prevailed between these three groups for the two decades prior to the Great Recession that ended in 2009.

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Black Employment and Unemployment in June 2010
Sylvia Allegretto, Ary Amerikaner, and Steven Pitts 14740 2010-07-06 04:04:23

In June, the official unemployment for Black males stood at 18.4%. This marked an increase from the reported 17.8% in May. Since the beginning of the Great Recession in December 2007 when the Black male unemployment rate was 9.9%, almost the number of unemployed Black men has almost doubled. For Black male teens (ages 16-19), unemployment in June stood at 43.2 %; in December 2007, the unemployment rate for young Black men was 39.4%. These figures were announced by the Bureau of Labor Statistics on Friday, July 3 and published in the new monthly report, "Black Employment and Unemployment in June 2010" released by the University of California, Berkeley's Center for Labor Research and Education.

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Aligning Environmental, Tax and Workforce Development Policies to Create a New Green-Collar Workforce
Editors: Robert Kwartin, ICF International & Jeane 107 2009-04-06 00:26:12
  President Obama has outlined an aggressive national agenda to reduce carbon emissions, increase the production of renewable sources of energy, improve energy efficiency in public buildings and private homes, and expand "green-collar" employment opportunities for individuals and families in poor, disadvantaged and disconnected
individuals and communities. Achieving this bold vision is an immensely complex undertaking requiring the coordination of a wide-range of policies across federal agencies ranging from environmental protection laws and regulations to tax policy to workforce development program and social services supports. The purpose of this paper is to provide an initial analysis of the key questions facing policy makers in Congress and the Administration as those charged with implementation seek to align diverse agencies and policies with the
"green-collar" workforce vision.

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Declining Employment among Young Black Less-Educated Men: The Role of Incarceration and Child Support
Harry J. Holzer, Paul Offner, Elaine Sorensen 5 2008-06-05 14:57:09
  In this paper, we document the continuing decline in employment and labor force participation of black men between the ages of 16 and 34 who have a high school education or less. We explore the extent to which these trends can be accounted for in recent years by two fairly new developments: (1) The dramatic growth in the number of young black men who have been incarcerated; and (2) Strengthened enforcement of child support policies.

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Ten Key Findings from Responsible Fatherhood Initiatives
Urban Institute 14830 2011-10-25 19:39:39
  The role of noncustodial fathers in the lives of low-income families has received increased attention in the past decade. As welfare reform has placed time limits on cash benefits, policymakers and program administrators have become interested in increasing financial support from noncustodial parents as a way to reduce poverty among low-income children. Although child support enforcement efforts have increased dramatically in recent years, there is evidence that many low-income fathers cannot afford to meet their child support obligations without impoverishing themselves or their families. Instead, many fathers accumulate child support debts that may lead them to evade the child support system and see less of their children.

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Men and Communities: African American Males and the Well-Being of Children, Families, and Neighborhoods
James B. Hyman 23 2008-06-05 14:57:09
  This report focuses on well-being outcomes in urban, poor, and minority communities, particularly African American communities. Throughout this discussion, the analysis will be applied to black men. That said, much of the proposed framework can be applied to men in general, although admittedly, references to culture and race will need to be modified to consider the identity and experience of other groups of men in the context of their community identities, histories, and cultures.

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Men and Communities: African American Males and the Well-Being of Children, Families, and Neighborhoods
James B. Hyman 4 2008-06-05 14:45:09
  This report focuses on well-being outcomes in urban, poor, and minority communities, particularly African American communities. Throughout this discussion, the analysis will be applied to black men. That said, much of the proposed framework can be applied to men in general, although admittedly, references to culture and race will need to be modified to consider the identity and experience of other groups of men in the context of their community identities, histories, and cultures.

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Race, Ethnicity & Health Care
Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation 60
  This fact sheet, based largely on information collected from government sources such as the U.S. Census, National Vital Statistics System, and national surveys, examines the experiences of young African American men in education, employment, and the criminal justice system. It also compares how they fare in health coverage and health status with that of young men of other racial/ethnic groups.

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Black Barbershop
Dr. Bill Releford 3
  The Black Barbershop Health Outreach Program is the first event of its kind in Los Angeles and will address the growing concern of undetected cardiovascular disease in African American men.

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Justice, Rights and Responsibilities
2010 Census of Male-Focused Programs
Thinking Man Consulting 14770
  This brief explains the findings of a national online census of male-focused programsconducted by Thinking Man Consulting with generous support from the Charles Stewart Mott Foundation. The census was designed to increase understanding of the services that exist to help men take care of themselves and their families. A key objective of this project was to identify those initiatives or programs within organizations that intentionally serve males – especially low-income males – so that public and private resources can be better targeted and outcomes improved. Based on an extensive review of relevant literature, this process of enumerating male-focused programs and organizations is believed to be the first undertaking of its kind.

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Men of Color In The Media
Robert M. Entman 6
  The way the media operate, the images they produce, and the influence they exert significantly affect the life chances of young men of color. This report assesses the media’s impacts, with a particular focus on the variety of ways they perpetuate negative impressions of young men of color, the reasons that this perpetuation of negative impressions occurs, and potential paths to reform and improvement.

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Why We Can’t Wait A Case for Philanthropic Action: Opportunities for Improving Life Outcomes for African American Males
  Ford Foundation staff has initiated grant making to stimulate discourse about the confluence of gender and race as factors shaping the contours of opportunity. Across the Ford Foundation, staff working in diverse contexts and with various programmatic mandates are interrogating social marginalization rooted in intersections of gender, sexual and racial\ethnic oppression.

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Young Black People and the Criminal Justice System
House of Commons Home Affairs Committee 8
  Our aim was to go beyond the statistics and establish whether patterns of criminal behaviour among young black people differ in any significant way from patterns of crime amongst other young people—and whether any significant policies are required to tackle this. The inquiry aimed to establish the full range of possible causes of young black people’s overrepresentation in the system.3 We were also keen to understand the nature and extent of overrepresentation of young black people as victims of some crimes.

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One in 100:Behind Bars in America 2008
The Pew Charitable Trusts 9
  Three decades of growth in America’s prison population has quietly nudged the nation across a sobering threshold: for the first time, more than one in every 100 adults is now confined in an American jail or prison. According to figures gathered and analyzed by the Pew Public Safety Performance Project, the number of people behind bars in the United States continued to climb in 2007, saddling cash-strapped states with soaring costs they can ill afford and failing to have a clear impact either on recidivism or overall crime.

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  This paper evaluates the impact of the prison-industrial complex on males from communities of color. In particular, it asks the following questions: What is the impact of the large increases in the proportion of state and local public funds dedicated to corrections? To what extent has the private corrections industry influenced and driven national, state, and local policy regarding criminal justice policy and programs?

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Robert M. Entman 11
  Raised in a culture in which race and ethnicity are often highly salient and white persons occupy the top of the social hierarchy, whites who have only limited personal experience with YMC may be more likely to remember the negative than the positive in the media images they encounter. More generally, psychologists have found that people remember negative information more readily than positive information. Through their decisions regarding the images and information they include or omit, the media frequently encourage whites’ tendencies to imagine, exaggerate, and misunderstand group differences. This holds especially true for young men of color, who bear the triple burden of the cultural stereotypes and negative emotions attached to the categories of non-white, young, and male. All of these complex and controversial issues must be radically simplified for the purposes of this report.

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A Way Out: Creating Partners for Our Nation's Propserity By Expanding LIfe Paths of Young Men Of Color.
Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies 12
  Drawing from the background papers and proceedings of the Dellums Commision's deliberations, this final report contains recommendations for public policy and includes specific actions that can improve life options for young men of color.

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